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[英語] 教師招聘考試之英語學科復習精選:題型分析(3)

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發表于 2019-3-2 10:20:44 | 只看該作者 回帖獎勵 |倒序瀏覽 |閱讀模式
2017年最新教師招聘考試內部教材
教師招考二維碼

英語寫作


縱觀近幾年招教考試英語寫作題,題材一般是寫人、寫事、寫物、寫景、日記、書信、通知、便條等文體。一般來說,不同的寫作題材,它的人物、時間、寫作的重點也是不盡相同的。英語寫作重點考查學生綜合運用英語語言的能力,在考試中重點注意一下幾個方面:


(一)句式要有變化

1.復合句、并列句

2.倒裝句

3.強調句型It is...that (who)...

4.非謂語動詞

5.虛擬語氣

6.固定句型結構too...to...,so...that..., such a...that..., not only...but also...,neither...nor...,such as...,not ...until..., so that...,either...or...


7.直接引語與間接引語

8.多種時態,動名詞、不定式、并列結構


(二)要使用高等級詞匯及短語

1.使用高等級詞匯

2.使用短語

3.使用諺語

4.使用表強調的詞,如alone, just, single, only, not...at all,on the earth,the very,on earth等。

5.使用修辭手法:明喻, 暗喻,夸張,頭韻,擬人等。

as busy as a bee, as proud as a peacock,as blind as a bat,as cool as a cucumber


(三)使用連接詞,過渡自然,連貫通順,一氣呵成


1. 用于按空間展開的段落之中的連接詞和過渡詞有:above,before,here,on the left,across,below,in the distance,on the right,beyond,nearby,opposite to,over,also,further,next to,on top of,up,down,close to,beneath,under,around,near to,along


2.用于按時間順序展開的段落之中的連接詞和過渡詞有:soon, then, suddenly, at the same time, next, early, this morning /year,now, after, at present, later, afterwards finally, at last, all of a sudden, at noon, in the morning/afternoon/evening


3.用于按分析法展開的段落之中的連接詞和過渡詞有:first, second, now,for this purpose,but,as a result,furthermore,finally,at last,moreover,also,therefore,likewise,another,for example,next,yet,for instance,on the contrary,once,in addition,in summary,such,in this case,on the other hand,then,otherwise,in conclusion,thus


4.用于按比較法展開的段落之中的連接詞和過渡詞有:another,moreover,in addition (to),equally important,too, also,at the same time,besides,then,in the same way,in fact,like,similarly


5.用于按對比法展開的段落之中的連接詞和過渡詞有:on the contrary,different from,on the other hand,in contrast to,despite,in spite of, yet, but,whereas, unlike,nevertheless,not only...but also,here...there,the former...the latter,then...now,some...others,one...the other,once...now,on the one hand...on the other hand(一方面……另一方面)。


6.邏輯關系

遞進: then(然后), besides(還有), furthermore(而且), moreover(此外)

轉折: however(然而), but(但是), on the country(相反), after all(畢竟)

總結: finally(最后), at last(最后), in brief(總之),in conclusion(最后)

強調: indeed(確實), certainly(一定), surely(確定), above all(尤其)

對比: in the same way(同樣地), just as(正如), on the one hand...on the other hand


(四)寫作中使用率最高、覆蓋面最廣的基本句式

以下是短文寫作中使用率最高、覆蓋面最廣的基本句式,每組句式的功能相同或相似,考生可根據自己的情況選擇其中的1—2個,做到能夠熟練正確地仿寫或套用。


1.表示原因

There are three reasons for this.

The reasons for this are as follows.

The reason for this is obvious.

The reason for this is not far to seek.

The reason for this is that...

We have good reason to believe that...


2.表示好處

It has the following advantages.

It does us a lot of good.

It benefits us quite a lot.

It is beneficial to us.

It is of great benefit to us.


3.表示壞處

It has more disadvantages than advantages.

It does us much harm.


4.表示重要、必要、困難、方便、可能

It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb. to do sth.

We think it necessary to do sth.

It plays an important role in our life.


5.表示措施

We should take some effective measures.

We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.

We should do our utmost to do sth.

We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.


6.表示變化

Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.

The computer has brought about many changes in education.


7.表示事實、現狀

We cannot ignore the fact that...

No one can deny the fact that...

There is no denying the fact that...

This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

However,that’s not the case.


8.表示比較

Compared A with B.

I prefer to read rather than watch TV.

There is a striking contrast between them.


9.表示數量

It has increased(decreased)from...to...

The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000.

The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.


10.表示看法

People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.

People have different opinions on this problem.

People take different views of(on)the question.

Some people believe that...Others argue that...


11.表示結論

In short,it can be said that...

It may be briefly summed up as follows.

From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that...


12.套語

It’s well known to us that...

As is known to us...

This is a topic that is being widely talked about.

From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that...

As a proverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way.”




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